Bulletin 15 April 2013
Rotary Club Bali Ubud Sunset
District 3420 / No. 79571
Meeting every Monday at 5:30 PM at Maya Ubud Resort, Ubud
“It’s not how much we give but how much love we put into giving.” ― Mother Teresa
Bulletin April 15, 2013
ANNOUNCEMENTS, CORRESPONDENCE, REPORTS
Looking-Up-a-Storm with the “Culinary Crossroads” Cookbook
Sue W. reminded Members that we still have an opportunity to sell the “Culinary Crossroads” Cookbook. This eclectic Cookbook created by Rotary Club Bali Ubud Sunset has a common ingredient in all the recipes — lot’s of love and caring. So let’s present the Cookbook to Guests who attend our meetings so they can purchase one and enjoy our love of cooking (and eating, of course).
What Kind of Rotary Club do You Envision for RCBUS?
In preparation for the Fellowship Meeting at LLoyd’s home in Ubud scheduled for Sunday, April 21, a questionnaire was circulated to all Members by email for their review and thoughtful feedback. Comments received will be discussed at the Fellowship event in more detail. This open-forum is an opportunity for each Club Member to have a voice in the direction we take and how we work operationally.
Rotary Youth Leadership Award (RYLA) Workshop Focuses on “Peace Through Service”
Probo reported on the April 12-14, RYLA Workshop expressing that it was so inspiring that “three days was not enough”. The focus of the 3-day Workshop was to expose young community leaders with the empowerment of Peace through Service. Special Guest Speaker, Govinda, a respected Indian actor with five Filmfare Award nominations and former politician, spoke on “Being Human”. His motivational talk raised the awareness of attendees of the philosophy that we are all one in the world.
As it turns out RCBUS sponsored three young people to attend the RYLA Workshop and we were given a “bonus” of extending that sponsorship to three additional young individuals. So through our Club there were 6 young community leaders who got to attend the Workshop. Among those sponsored were Abe and Gusde of Rotaract Ubud, who many of our Club Members know personally. A total of 22 Rotaracts from Java and Bali attended the 3-day Workshop
Eka, from Taman Rotary Club Bali, joined our meeting and thanked Driya and Probo for organizing the RYLA Workshop event this year. Eka has been the RYLA Chair for District 3420 for seven consecutive years . . . what a great commitment to supporting and developing young leaders in our communities. She complimented the young adults attending the Workshop and said that this was the best year ever!
Analyzing the Many Benefits of the Temekus Health-Day Project
RCBUS is blessed to have Members with diverse professional backgrounds who can contribute to the community we serve in many ways. Member, Antje, is a Doctor by training and participated in an analysis of the findings from the Temekus Health-Day project sponsored by RCBUS. Anje presented her findings from the data in the health forms filled out by the Health-Day participants.
The Temekus Health Day was held on February 23, with a focus on school children and community members who do not have access to health care. A large crowd of 239 people (91 students and 148 adults) from the surrounding community showed up for the Health-Day enthusiastic about the ability to see a Health Care Professional locally. Of those attending, 14% of them were referred by the local Puskesmas indicating a total community involvement. The attendees were requested to fill out a health survey form in advance of seeing the Health Care Professional Team. 51% of those filling out the form had a health care issue that prompted them to see the available Doctors.
The age of the Health-Day participants ranged from new-born to 100 years young. Medical issues ranged from dental care, with over 20 teeth pulled that day, to Hypertension / High Blood Pressure. The medical issues expressed on the forms ranged as follows:
• 49% reported Muscular / Skeletal issues
• 30% reported Respiratory issues
• 16% reported General Illness
• 15% reported Other
• 10% reported Eye problems
• 7% reported Hypertension
It was also noted that 56% of the participants received a Vitamin B12 shot, and 23% were given vitamins for their treatment. Antje feels that theirs is an opportunity for future Health-Days to focus attention on serious conditions including cardio and chronic diseases as the health form didn’t include this level of examination. Sue and Antje will host an in-depth discussion on the Temekus Project findings at Sue’s home on Tuesday afternoon from 2:00 to 4:00 pm.
Professor Emeritus Roger Paget
The Tragic Loss of Life During the 1965 Anti-Communists Purge in Indonesia
Professor Roger Paget was on-the-ground in Indonesia during the formative years following World War II. He has remained an expert historian on Indonesia from a political, military, and economic perspective. Roger was our Guest Speaker on April 1, and his discussion of Indonesian mid-20th Century history was so riveting that Members invited him back for an encore discussion on the Events of 1965.
Before he began his discussion on the events of 1965, Roger prefaced his discussion my commenting that this was the first time that he felt the topic could be discussed openly in Indonesia which indicates how much more open communication can be in this time of Indonesia’s democracy. Previously, before the 1998 Suharto “New Order” Government demise, the Anti-Communist Purge would never have been discussed in public.
“Gross Human Violence – We are good at denying history” – Professor Roger Paget
Indonesian Politics began taking a very visible human tole with the six Indonesian Generals who were brutally murdered in a failed coup attempt by a group that became known as the 30 September Movement. These six Generals were symbolic to most Indonesians as men who ran the military and were influential in the new country’s independence. They were also Generals in command under President Sukarno who was a previous General himself. While it is not completely clear who masterminded the 30 September Movement killings of the Generals, the Indonesian Military quickly pointed to their PKI Communist Party (which was allegedly the third largest Communist Party in the world at that time). Prior to the killings of the six Generals, President Sukarno had been tolerant of the PKI as a legitimate political party in Indonesia. But the events created an environment where Indonesian’s wanted some justice and the PKI Communist Party was going to take the convenient blame for the Generals’ brutal killings.
Simultaneously, Indonesia hosted a large congress in Jakarta at Senayan Stadium where over 150,000 people including labor unions and students got together to discuss an agenda of popular reform movements. On the international stage, Indonesia invited Asian Government Leaders from all over the region to discuss the intrusion of foreign military bases as a result of the Cold War politics. Indonesia had left the United Nations in January of 1965 and President Sukarno said the famous words that were broadcast in the US and around the world “To hell with your aid” referring to United Nations and US Aid to Indonesia. Indonesia began organizing the Asian World into its own independent version of a United Nations with its own agenda. This was in direct conflict with the established United Nations and its intended influence throughout the world and in Asia in particular. The US Cold War policy of “you’re either with us, or against us” was at odds with Sukarno’s neutral stance in Cold War politics, his relationship with China, and his power to organize other Asian Leaders. Sukarno’s independence and initial tolerance of the Communist Party in Indonesia would have been perceived as a threat to American political policy in Asia during that Cold War era.
Indonesia under Sukarno’s “Guided Democracy” had a history of peacefulness so the murder and mutilation of these six Generals created an uneasy anxiety for the country. Communist doctrine had an atheist slant so the Muslim religious factions in Indonesia had been uneasy about the possible spread of the Communist Party. There was a feeling among some Religious Leaders that we have to crush those with “no God”. The Indonesian Military seemed to fan the mistrust and eventual hatred of the Communist among many Indonesian Citizens.
It was quite the news media event when the bodies of those 6 murdered Generals were exhumed from a crocodile hole. The Generals’ bodies were mutilated and they had been sexually assaulted which made for horrific and sensational news coverage in Indonesia and worldwide. Many of these reports featured the known corruption of these Generals but the Indonesian populace viewed them more as National Heroes murdered by the new enemies of the State, the PKI Communists. Those Generals had annexed much of the natural resources in 1945 when Sukarno told the Dutch to leave Indonesia. The initial idea was to utilize those resources to support the Military and new Government, but as time passed those Generals became corrupt with the power and money generated from their holdings. The Indonesian Military intentionally fanned the flames of hatred and mistrust of the mostly Indonesian-Chinese and Rural Farmer PKI Communist Party Members. Following the televised burial ceremony for the six Generals, chaos broke out in the streets as the Indonesian populace began a vigilantly campaign of killing PKI Communist Members, their sympathizers, and probably anyone else that was perceived as a convenient enemy.
The purge and killing of the PKI Communists and other convenient enemies took place throughout Indonesia beginning in October 1965 and continued into early 1966. Bali joined in on the purge and killings as almost an afterthought as the Island was not viewed as relevant to the political cause of that time. It is estimated that between 500,000 to over 1 million people were killed during this vigilantly killing spree throughout Indonesia. But during the fog of this wide-spread out-of-control violence it was impossible to take an accurate body-count so the total number of Indonesian’s killed during Anti-Communist Purge is only an estimate. On the world stage in 1965, the era of the Cold War was fully entrenched so news of the Communist Purge and killings throughout Indonesia was viewed as a victory over Communism by powers in the west. This would later position future President Suharto as a “pro-West” leader in Southeast Asia.
Today, the Purge and killing events of 1965 and 1966 are shadowed-over with complacency, denial, and little interest in examining the causes for such unbridled violence. There is speculation that the Suharto Regime was perhaps involved in the murder of the six Generals but that has never been proven in a court of law. In March of 1965, Sukarno surrendered his Presidency to Suharto who began a strict dictatorial rule of Indonesian under his “New Order” Government. That New Order Government ruled for over 30 years but eventually collapsed under the weight of mismanagement and corruption in 1998.by